This third type of meditation is a combination of concentrative and open awareness technique. Usually the point of focus is one’s breath, thoughts, feelings yet the practice is not centered around only going in, but also an outward awareness. This multidimensional meditative technique focuses on practicing a witnessing aspect of ourselves. That part of us that is always present, the observer, the listener.
The mindfulness practice doesn’t only take place during a sitting meditation session, but also at any point of our daily lives. One can mindfully eat (becoming aware of all of the various sensations, taste changes, sounds and experiences/thoughts), walk (focusing on breath, noticing texture of the ground underneath one’s feet, becoming aware of sounds of nature etc.) and other activities.
The practice takes roots in Buddhist teachings and has been recently popularized in the west by Jon Kabat-Zinn.